World Alzheimer’s Day- 21st September 2021
Dementia is caused by diseases which damage the brain; and Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common causes of dementia. Nearly 50 million people live with dementia worldwide.
Dementia characteristically gets progressively worse with time. Some reasons why a person might be more likely to get dementia include getting older, genetic disposition, injury, health and lifestyle (e.g. physical activity, diet, alcohol and smoking). Most people with dementia are over 65 years old, but younger people can also get dementia.
Signs and symptoms of dementia
People with dementia do not always have the same symptoms. Different types of dementia can have different symptoms. Common symptoms include:
- memory loss
- problems remembering things that happened recently, but good memory of things from a long time ago
- repeating things out loud and ask the same question repeatedly
- difficulty thinking things through and planning
- problems concentrating, understanding new ideas or solving problems.
- difficulty carrying out everyday tasks such as following a recipe or checking their bank account
- language problems and difficulty following conversations
- difficulty judging distances
- seeing patterns or reflections in mirrors that look like something else
- mood changes – becoming easily anxious, sad, frightened, irritable or upset
- changes in personality
If you notice any changes and are worried about yourself or someone else, speak to your GP or healthcare provider.
There is no cure for dementia. Most symptoms will get worse over time; how quickly this happens can be vary from person to person. Anyone caring for a person with dementia or living with the condition themselves is best off making their situation known to family and friends. Being open will help people will realise, understand and be helpful.