World Stroke Day
Stroke is the leading cause of disability worldwide and the second leading cause of death.
Research shows that globally 1 in 4 adults over the age of 25 will have a stroke in their lifetime.
World Stroke Day is an annual global event held on 29th October that focuses on highlighting timely and adequate attention along with acute medical treatment, specialized care and rehabilitation for anyone affected by stroke.
What is Stroke?
Stroke is a condition where the blood supply to the brain is disrupted, resulting in oxygen starvation, brain damage and loss of function. Stroke can happen to anyone, anywhere, at any age – from babies to the elderly, although the incidence increases significantly with age.
One of the main disease processes leading to stroke is atherosclerosis. There are many other risk factors, including tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, harmful use of alcohol, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, raised blood lipid levels, obesity, male gender, genetic disposition and psychological factors. Studies show that stroke-prone patients are also at high-risk patients of becoming afflicted by COVID 19 and this drives the increase of mortality and morbidity.
There are two main types of stroke. Read more here.
Impact of Stroke
The impact of a stroke will vary from person to person with different short and long-term effects depending on which part of the brain is affected; and how quickly it is treated. Stroke can cause permanent damage and effects include partial paralysis and impairment in speech, comprehension and memory. Many stroke survivors face significant challenges that include physical disability, communication difficulties, changes in how they think and feel, loss of work, income and social networks. Click here for more.
The type of rehabilitation and support needed after a stroke varies; with the right treatment and support, life after stroke can be enjoyed.