The Sun and your Health
First degree sunburns affect the outer layer of your skin. Your skin turns red, feels hot to touch and you may feel some discomfort. Painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen will ease the pain or discomfort caused by sunburn. Sore skin may be sponged with a cool compress.
Second degree sunburns damage deeper layers of the skin as well as some nerve endings. Healing takes longer and the discomfort is more intense with more redness and some swelling. If blisters form, do not burst them as they can become infected. If you notice any skin changes, spot a mole or have a sore that does not heal quickly, get it checked out by your GP as soon as possible.
You can get sunburnt simply by walking around in the sunshine, even on a cloudy day.
Your skin will turn red and sore, and if severe may cause swelling and sun blisters.
Symptoms such as headaches, fever, nausea or weakness may accompany this skin damage. A few days after exposure your skin will begin peeling and itching as the body tries to shed the damaged cells.
Sunburn acquired as a child leads to a greater risk of skin cancer in later life.
Sun beds also emit UV rays that damage your skin. There are several risks linked to the use of sunbeds and other UV tanning equipment. These include:
- skin cancer
- premature ageing of skin
- sunburnt skin
- dryness and itching
- bumpy rashes
- eye irritation
The use of sunbeds or other UV tanning equipment is not recommended for people who are taking medication that makes their skin more sensitive to sunlight or for those who have:
- have been sunburnt in the past, particularly in childhood
- have fair skin that burns easily
- have a large number of freckles or red hair
- have a large number of moles
- have anyone in your family who has had skin cancer in the past
The sun can burn the eyes too!
- Long-term sun exposure to the eyes can affect the eyelids and area around the eyes and increase the risk of skin cancer.
- Long-term exposure to sunlight increases the risk of a type of cataract and is also linked to pterygia (growths on the surface of the eye).
Choose sunglasses that comply with the British Standards for sun protection.
Dehydration can make you lose more water through perspiration and urination than you consume. This can lead to heatstroke and is especially common in infants and young children as well as in the elderly.
Signs and Symptoms of dehydration
When severe dehydration occurs, some or all of the following symptoms may be exhibited:
- a fever of 105 degrees or higher
- Skin becomes hot, dry and flushed
- dizziness, weakness or nausea
- stomach cramps, a headache and rapid breathing
- disoriented, agitated or confused behaviour
- seizures and loss of consciousness in severe cases
If a person exhibits any of these symptoms, reduce the amount of clothing worn and make sure he/she drinks sips of water to keep hydrated.